What is the Subject of a Sentence?

1. What is the Subject of a Sentence??

The subject is the main part of a sentence.

It tells us who or what the sentence is about.

2. How to find the subject:

Ask “Who?” or “What?” before the verb to find the subject.

3. Example:

Sentence: The dog barks.

Who barks? The dog.

The dog is the subject of the sentence.

4. Different types of subjects:

Noun Subjects:

A noun is a person, place, thing, or animal.


The cat

My friend

The school

Pronoun Subjects:

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.





5. Subject-Verb Agreement:

The subject and the verb in a sentence must agree in number (singular or plural).

If the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural.


Singular subject: The cat runs.

Plural subject: The cats run.

Let’s practice:

Identify the subject in the following sentences:

1.The girl sings beautifully.

2.They play soccer every Saturday.

3.My dog loves to chase squirrels.

4.The cat chases the mouse.

5.My friend likes to swim

6.He eats pizza.

7.She dances gracefully.

8.They are playing outside.

Click here for answers.


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